VITAMIN C INJECTION 100MG/2ML

VITAMIN C INJECTION 100MG/2ML

  • Documents: GMP,COPP,CTD

VITAMIN C INJECTION 100MG/2ML

Indications:

The prevention and treatment of scurvy, or other conditions requiring vitamin C supplementation, where the deficiency is acute or oral administration is difficult.

Dosage and Administration:

Ascorbic acid (vitamin c) is usually administered orally. When oral administration is not feasible or when malabsorption is suspected, the drug may be administered IM, IV, or subcutaneously. When given parenterally, utilization of the vitamin reportedly is best after IM administration and that is the preferred parenteral route. For intravenous injection, dilution into a large volume parenteral such as Normal Saline, Water for Injection, or Glucose is recommended to minimize the adverse reactions associated with intravenous injection. The average protective dose of vitamin C for adults is 70 to 150 mg daily. In the presence of scurvy, doses of 300 mg to 1 g daily are recommended. However, as much as 6 g has been administered parenterally to normal adults without evidence of toxicity. Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever the solution and container permit.

Precautions & Warning:

Vitamin C should be given with care to patients with underlying renal failure due to the risk of formation of renal oxalate calculi. Tolerance may be induced in patients taking high doses.

Large doses of vitamin C have resulted in haemolysis in patients with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency.

Contra-indications:

Hyperoxaluria

Drug interactions:

Drugs which induce tissue desaturation of vitamin C include aspirin, nicotine from cigarettes, alcohol, several appetite suppressants, iron, phenytoin, some anti-convulsant drugs, the oestrogen component of oral contraceptives and tetracycline.

Undesirable effects:

Large doses may cause gastrointestinal disorders including diarrhoea. Large doses may also result in hyperoxaluria and renal oxalate calculi may form if the urine becomes acidic.

Storage instructions:

Do not store above 25°C. Keep the vial in the outer carton in order to protect from light.、