AMPICILLIN SODIUM FOR INJECTION 1g 7ml 50vials
Ampicillin is a broad-spectrum penicillin, indicated for the treatment of a wide range of bacterial infections caused by ampicillin-sensitive organisms. Typical indications include: ear, nose and throat infections, bronchitis, pneumonia, urinary tract infections, gonorrhoea, gynaecological infections, septicaemia, peritonitis, endocarditis, meningitis, enteric fever, gastro-intestinal infections.
Extraperitoneal application of Ampicillin to wounds can be used to prevent infection following abdominal surgery.
Dosage and Administration:
Routes of administration: Intramuscular, intravenous, intraperitoneal, intrapleural, intra-articular, extraperitoneal.
Ampicillin injection comes as a powder to be mixed with fluid and injected intravenously (into a vein) or intramuscularly (into a muscle). The frequency and length of your treatment depends on the type of infection you have.
Precautions & Warning:
Before initiating therapy with ampicillin, careful enquiry should be made concerning previous hypersensitivity reactions to beta-lactam antibiotics.
Serious and occasionally fatal hypersensitivity reactions (anaphylaxis) have been reported in patients receiving beta-lactam antibiotics. Although anaphylaxis is more frequent following parenteral therapy, it has occurred in patients on oral penicillins. These reactions are more likely to occur in individuals with a history of beta-lactam hypersensitivity.
Ampicillin should be avoided if infectious mononucleosis and/or acute or chronic leukaemia of lymphoid origin are suspected. The occurrence of a skin rash has been associated with these conditions following the administration of ampicillin.
Prolonged use may occasionally result in overgrowth of non-susceptible organisms.
Dosage should be adjusted in patients with renal impairment.
Hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients in the product.
Ampicillin is a penicillin and should not be give to patients with a history of hypersensitivity to beta-lactam antibiotics (e.g. ampicillin, penicillins, cephalosporins) or excipients.
If Ampicillin is prescribed concurrently with an aminoglycoside, the antibiotics should not be mixed in the syringe, intravenous fluid container or giving set because loss of activity of the aminoglycoside can occur under these conditions.
Bacteriostatic drugs may interfere with the bactericidal action of ampicillin.
In common with other oral broad-spectrum antibiotics, ampicillin may reduce the efficacy of oral contraceptives and patients should be warned accordingly.
Probenecid decreases the renal tubular secretion of ampicillin. Concurrent use with ampicillin may result in increased and prolonged blood levels of ampicillin.
Concurrent administration of allopurinol during treatment with ampicillin can increase the likelihood of allergic skin reactions.
It is recommended that when testing for the presence of glucose in urine during ampicillin treatment, enzymatic glucose oxidase methods should be used. Due to the high urinary concentrations of ampicillin, false positive readings are common with chemical methods.
Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing and out of the reach of children.